Bard MBA Professor Authors UN Report on Circular Economy











Bard MBA Professor Jennifer Russell has co-authored a major new UN report on the Circular Economy in manufacturing. Entitled, “Re-defining Value – The Manufacturing Revolution“, the report was released at a press conference at the World Circular Economy Forum (WCEF 2018) in Yokohama Japan on October 21st. The full report, summary documents, and supporting materials are all available on the UNEP International Resource Panel website.

Dr. Russell teaches courses in Operations and Supply Chains, and Circular Value Chain Management at the Bard MBA in Sustainability, based in NYC. She is also helping develop Bard’s new Focus Area in Circular Economy for the MBA. The press release for the report, reprinted below, captures the relevance and content of Professor Russell’s work.

“Re-thinking how we manufacture industrial products and deal with them at the end of their useful life could provide breakthrough environmental, social and economic benefits, according to new research from the International Resource Panel. If products were re-manufactured, comprehensively re-furbished, repaired and directly re-used, the amount of new material needed could be significantly reduced – by 80-98 per cent for remanufacturing, 82-99 per cent for comprehensive refurbishing, and 94-99 per cent for repair.

The report released at the World Circular Economy Forum today called Re-defining Value – The Manufacturing Revolution. Remanufacturing, Refurbishment, Repair and Direct Reuse in the Circular Economy, says the adoption of these “value-retention processes” could also reduce greenhouse gas emissions in some sectors by 79 to 99 per cent. These sectors examined in the report are automotive parts, heavy-duty offload machinery (for example, diggers and excavators), and industrial printing equipment. But there is significant potential beyond these sectors for further reductions.

Today, two-thirds of us live in cities, draining nature of materials to build homes, schools, hospitals, roads, transport systems and factories. Urbanization, together with a growing middle-class, has increased demand for consumer goods. In the 20th century, we dug up, chopped down, drilled for or harvested 34 times more construction materials, 27 times more ore and minerals, 12 times more fossil fuels and 3.6 times more biomass than in the years before.

“We are using the planet’s resources at a faster rate than they can be replenished, while polluting our seas, air and countryside with the waste from our consumption habits,” Erik Solheim, Head of UN Environment said. “This report shows us how we can maintain economic growth while preserving our environment by changing our habits at an industrial level.”

Adopting value-retention processes is a win-win situation for governments, industry and customers. Governments would have less waste to deal with, generate green jobs, and stimulate economic growth; industry could lower production cost, avoid resource constraints on business growth, and open new market segments; and customers could benefit from lower prices for refurbished products.

Currently, re-manufacturing accounts for only 2 per cent of production in the United States, and 1.9 per cent in Europe, leaving ample opportunity to develop these markets. While there is no one-size-fits-all approach, where pursued strategically and systematically, adoption of value-retention processes can accelerate a country’s move to a circular economy: pro increasing production, without increasing the negative environmental impacts.”


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